Investing in shock-responsive social protection systems builds resilience by helping citizens mitigate shocks and escape poverty. Social protection is concerned with protecting and helping those who are poor, vulnerable, marginalized or most at risk.
Social protection systems are typically comprised of four components:
- Protection: social assistance or as non-contributory consumption smoothing assistance (i.e., cash or food transfers)
- Prevention: social insurance or instruments that prevent the loss of income and assets (i.e., insurance, pensions, etc.)
- Promotion: labor market interventions such as employment generation and livelihood promotion, as well as investments in human capital
- Transformation: seeks to understand structural causes and drivers of vulnerability and address these systematically—and promotes agency, empowerment, social accountability, and social cohesion.
Momentum has been growing around the idea of making social protection more shock responsive and more closely linked to humanitarian response efforts. Doing so involves considering what the right balance is for humanitarian and development action in different places.
A growing body of research shows the importance of safety nets in reducing household vulnerability. This is especially true when combining cash transfers with support to strengthen other resilience capacities, such as access to financial services and resilient livelihood pathways. When Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) and non-PSNP households in Ethiopia following a drought were compared, results showed PSNP households did better in absorbing the initial impact of the shock on their food security. PSNP households also did better in recovery to pre-drought food security status. Households with more than one hectare of land fared even better. Non-PSNP households with less than one hectare of land struggled. They were the most vulnerable to the initial impact of drought. They also had the slowest recovery.
More About Social Protection
Social Protection and Migration
10 Jan 2022 - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
"Synergies in action to improve resilience and reduce poverty in rural areas"
Evaluating the Case for National Disaster Risk Insurance
04 Nov 2021 - Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Markets, Risk and Resilience
Disaster risk insurance is a proactive approach to financing disaster-related social protection and has the benefits of responsiveness and budget stability.
Resilience Dialogues on Security and Organized Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean
11 Oct 2021, GMT -5 - Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime
"Diálogos de resiliencia en seguridad y crimen organizado en Latinoamérica y El Caribe"
The Currency of Connections
01 Oct 2021 - Mercy Corps , Tufts University Feinstein International Center
Why do social connections matter for household resilience in South Sudan?