Climate Information Services
Climate information tools, products and services can be used across different contexts and sectors to help manage climate risks and build climate resilience.
What Are Climate Information Services?
Information about climate variability and change can be used for many purposes. Climate information services use data, statistical analyses and quantitative tools to anticipate the future effects of climate change. For instance, temperature and precipitation scenarios and changes to sea levels and glaciers have implications for agriculture, infrastructure, health and other sectors.
Robust climate information services allow individuals, communities and countries to prepare for and protect themselves, their environments and their economies from climate change. USAID and its partner organizations develop and use climate information to help safeguard and enhance investments. These organizations also use climate information to support programs that help countries contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation. National and local governments, communities and individuals also use climate information to inform decision‑making and to support climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction.
Climate Information Tools, Products and Services
USAID programs help individuals, communities and countries build capacity to independently monitor climate change and its related risks. Climate risk tools, such as early warning systems, integrate historical and predicted data on climate risks to help institutions and governments take early and effective action. These tools help to reduce exposure and vulnerability to climate change, thereby protecting and promoting resilience. Other tools include:
Climate Datasets and Models
Since 2010, more than 10 million people around the world have used comprehensive weather and climate data provided by USAID and other organizations to make more informed decisions.
Surface water distribution patterns change over space and time and can provide insight into factors such as flood risk and its impacts on infrastructure and landscapes. However, such patterns have been difficult to track and measure.
This user-friendly Surface Water Mapping Tool quickly calculates past surface water patterns. It documents the dynamics of seasonal flooding cycles on the Mekong River, enabling users to better understand the impacts of dams and prepare for flooding.
Satellite Imagery and Climate Visualization Tools
Organizations such as NASA provide helpful satellite and climate information that help governments and farmers make decisions on water resources, food security and disaster preparedness.
Flood early warning services (EWS) can build the resilience of vulnerable communities and are a key element of disaster risk resilience. However, early warning systems are often insufficient. In Bangladesh, flood EWS suffer from a lack of data, making it difficult to forecast floods and putting lives and livelihoods at risk.
This interactive, web-based flood EWS tool increases flood forecast lead times in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region, allowing individuals and communities to protect themselves and their assets from floods.
Technical Assistance for Information Application
USAID facilitates collaboration between scientists, meteorologists, decision‑makers and communities to build and enhance countries’ capacities to make informed decisions related to climate change adaptation.
Climate change is a key variable in understanding and managing human disease, death and life expectancy. As such, climate information services can help practitioners understand the impacts of climate change on human health and, further, can be used to enhance climate change adaptation and resilience. Climate services for health encompass use of climate and environmental information in informed health care decision-making.
Country Climate Risk Profiles
Climate risk profiles provide an overview of country-specific climate risks, including history, trends and policy contexts. They focus on how climate change will impact key sectors, including water resources, agriculture, human health and energy.
This climate risk profile provides an overview of climate issues in South Sudan, including how climate change will impact agriculture, pastoralism, water resources and ecosystems. The brief includes information on projected climate futures as well as information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and ongoing climate change projects in South Sudan. View more climate risk profiles here
How Climate Information Services Promote Resilience
As weather patterns become more variable and climate change brings increasing uncertainty, the need for climate services has grown significantly and climate information services have had a tangible impact. Climate information services have played a significant role in achieving resilience by informing sound, evidence-based decision-making. In Rwanda, for example, farmers participating in USAID climate services investments increased yields by 47% and income from crops by 56%. Learn more about how USAID’s climate information services investments contribute to resilience
More About Climate Information Services
USAID Climate Strategy 2022-2030
22 Apr 2022 - United States Agency for International Development
USAID will work with partner governments and local actors to create a resilient, prosperous and equitable world with net-zero greenhouse gas emissions.
Evaluation of USAID's Climate Services Investments Since 2012
11 Apr 2022 - E3 Analytics and Evaluation Project
USAID's investments in climate information services have played a significant role in achieving place-based resilience.
Using Climate Information for Climate Risk Management
11 Apr 2022 - USAID
This primer focuses on the use of climate information by USAID and implementing partners for climate risk management (CRM).
Systems Approach to Climate Services for Health
04 Jan 2022 - University of Witwatersrand Global Change Institute
Approaches that integrate climate information, observations and models are required for actionable knowledge about the health impacts of climate exposure.