Governance plays an important role in determining the success of resilience activities. The multisectoral nature of resilience requires sufficiently effective governance to collaborate and coordinate activities across regions, sectors, populations and levels of government, as well as between government, civil society and communities.
Weak governance contributes to vulnerabilities for people, communities and systems. Transforming the underlying conditions that build resilience requires governance mechanisms — policies and regulations, cultural and gender norms, infrastructure, community networks, and formal and informal social protection — that constitute the enabling environment for systemic change.
Integrating and addressing the needs of traditionally marginalized groups into program design builds resilience by creating more effective activities.
Investing in shock-responsive social protection systems builds resilience by helping citizens mitigate shocks and escape poverty. Social protection is concerned with protecting and helping those who are poor, vulnerable, marginalized or most at risk.
There is an increasing recognition that market, social, ecological and other systems can have a significant impact on household and community resilience, as well as being a locus of resilience on their own.