Resilience and Sustainable Poverty Escapes in Malawi
Since 2000 Malawi has achieved four of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) including those on reducing child mortality and combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases. The country started the MDGs with a particularly low base compared to other countries, making achievement of these four goals more remarkable. However, Malawi remains one of the poorest countries in the world. The incidence of ultra-poverty (consumption below the food poverty line) actually increased between 2000 and 2015 from 24 to 26 percent; absolute numbers of people living in poverty also increased during the 15-year period, as did the depth of poverty. Meanwhile, natural hazards and climate change are affecting the country’s predominantly agricultural economy, resulting in a series of economic losses, periods of food insecurity and humanitarian responses. Through the National Resilience Plan, Malawi has a strategy to move away from cyclical humanitarian response to resilient development, through strengthening coordination, pooling resources and prioritizing environmental management.